Author: Richard du Feu

Knot at Heysham

Recently Knot have taken a lot of the birding attention with record numbers seen at Snettisham in October producing some spectacular videos and photos. Some of these went viral and even appeared on the BBC quiz of the week’s news. Over the current seri…

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Godwit arrival dates

Black-tailed Godwit have started arriving in reasonable numbers at Leighton Moss in recent days.  Several of these have long histories of spring sightings at Leighton and other very local sites having spent the winter further south on the Dee.&nbs…

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Not the normal Knot movement – 18th record of a BTO ringed Knot in Africa

One of the many things that has come out of the Knot work at Formby is the vast amount of data being produced by a small team of dedicated observers which nearly 4,000 observations being made.  These are all really valuable and without your help m…

Knot in odd places… part 2 – The Azores.

In early September I had a message from a friend near Liverpool with a photo of one of the Knot from Formby.  After a quick exchange explaining it was one from Formby and asking where he had seen it Peter told me it was taken by someone on the Azo…

Knot in odd places

My short working description of the purpose of the ringing scheme is ‘Finding out what normal birds normally do rather than what rare birds rarely do’ and similarly most BTO surveys are about ‘what’s there, what’s not there but not what’s rare’.  …

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Have Arctic-breeding Waders had a poor breeding Season?

In a change from the usual North Lancs RG blog posts we have a guest blog written by Rose A. Maciewicz & Peter J, Knight about the early results of colour ring sightings of Knot caught near Formby last winter:

Recent reports that NE Greenland was blanketed in snow in the breeding season suggested that 2018 might be a wipe out for Arctic-breeding waders, and this coming after very poor breeding productivity for Red Knot (Calidris canutus islandica) in 2017. The juveniles aren’t due to arrive in the UK just yet, but there may be a glimmer of hope from analyzing the biometrics of colour-ringed adults resighted just after they returned from the north.

On 22nd September 2017 and 30th March 2018 a team including many members of South West Lancs, North Lancs and SCAN Ringing Groups fitted about 1,000 Red Knot with coded orange flags at Altcar Training Camp near Formby, Merseyside and recorded their wing and bill lengths. Since the middle of July we have been observing their return to the beaches around the ringing site. Arrival started on 15th July and numbers grew over the next weeks. By reading the flag codes we could identify which individuals had returned.

Looking at the biometrics of the Red Knot that we read between 22nd and 31st July we were intrigued to see that on average they had statistically longer wing and bill than the whole catch population (see graph). Furthermore, flagged Red Knot that were newly observed on 3rd and 6th August had an average smaller wing and bill than these early arrivals. Since female Red Knot are on average larger than males this is an indication of the females arriving back before the males. As female Knot leave the breeding grounds shortly after the eggs hatch whereas the males remain until the chicks fledge this, in turn, is an indication of probable breeding success.

Time will tell, but maybe our readings of flagged Red Knot offer hope that although NE Greenland had nil productivity, there has been success elsewhere in islandica Red Knot’s breeding range, which extends across Arctic Canada.


Red Knot Of-EHT digiscoped at Formby Point on 22nd July, having recently returned from the Arctic. Wing length when flagged was 178mm – well above the catch average (see graph), so most likely a female.



Our analysis of Red Knot arrivals would not have been possible without colour ringing and all colour ring sightings are valuable. Many of these Red Knot were observed in Iceland on their Northwards migration. As such, interesting life histories are building up in a short space of time. If you see a colour ringed bird please report it via www.ring.ac or contact the ringer directly. For waders, the Register of colour-ringing schemes maintained by the International Wader Study Group (IWSG) is a good way to track down the ringer, at the Wader Study Group register.

Rose A. Maciewicz & Peter J. Knight 10th August 2018

Colour ringed Avocets

Over the last 16 seasons an account of the Avocets at Leighton Moss has been kept and is available at Jim Shep’s webpage.  The account gives excellent information on how many Avocets have attempted to breed at Leighton over the years and also the …

Remarkable day’s ringing – Part 2 – Knot

In the previous blog posting I made reference to an article about Knot at Formby on the 22nd September. Here it is!The West coast of the UK, particularly Liverpool bay and Morecambe bay, are important areas for wintering Knot in the UK.  Additiona…

Remarkable day’s ringing – Part 1 – Sanderling

Slightly out of the North Lancs RG area however a large team of ringers including many from North Lancs made a trip to the Sefton coast to ring and colour ring Knot as part of a study run from Norway looking at how Knot use the West coast of the UK to …