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Spring Wood Whalley plus a close encounter with some mining bees

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Interesting chat yesterday with Jayne Elizabeth Ashe the assistant development officer on the Pendle Hill Landscape Partnership project and a few others about how to kick start some wildlife recording in Spring Wood Whalley and possibly having a bioblitz or other wildlife events there. One thing that did come out was the realisation that probably a lot of recording is already being done, informally by regular and other visitors but none of this is being shared. So if you or anyone you know has been recording or photographing the wildlife in Spring Wood let us know or email Jayne jayne.ashe@lancashire.gov.uk

Recently came across a colony of I presume Andrena cineraria – ashy mining-bee just outside of Slaidburn.

Andrena cineraria - ashy mining-bee
Andrena cineraria – ashy mining-bee
Andrena cineraria - ashy mining-bee
Andrena cineraria – ashy mining-bee
Andrena cineraria - ashy mining-bee
Andrena cineraria – ashy mining-bee

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Too much going on!

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Big things have been hapening with the Clitheroe Naturalists, they now have a facebook page https://www.facebook.com/CNSociety/ and they have revived the Clitheroe Wildlife facebook group they will also be sending out email newsletters if you would like to be included email clitheroenaturalists@gmail.com and if that’s not enough they have published their summer outings programme as a pdf

It has been a hectic few weeks, at this time of year there is just so much going on I find it difficult to keep up this is the time of first, first Bumble Bee first Hoverflys, you get the picture. The most enjoyable thing for me is the return of sound to the garden, the fantastic symphony of bird song in the early morning and evening but more important to me is the hum and buzz of insects.

This time of the year is always a rush in the garden as this is the time for transplanting self sown wildflower seedlings and small plants from the borders into the meadow areas. It is a rush because you have to wait for them to grow enough to be able to identify them but, then get them in the meadow whist the grass is short and the ground still damp. Reviewing the seed sowing I did in early March. I have had good germination with Ladies bedstraw Galium verum , Hemp agrimony  Eupatorium cannabinum, Wild carrot  Daucus carota and marginal success with Crosswort  Cruciata laevipes , Field Scabious Knautia arvensis.

Over the last few weeks have had more Siskins, Red poles and Gold finches than I remember from previous years additionally we have a pair of Pied wagtails and the Gray wagtails are still with us, Long tailed tits still coming to the feeders and we have seen one pair of Bullfinches. In addition to the beeflys, now Bumble bees and Carder bees, hoverflys and queen wasps have reappeared along with various other flys and so far  we have had Comma, Peacock and Orange tip  butterflies. Wildflowers strongly flowering include Primrose and Cowslip. Bluebells are just starting and the Blackthorn has been out about a week.

Out and about the search for spawning Toads still fruitless but a friend of a friend has reported spawn in Osbaldeston.

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A wonderful weekend

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Two important first in the garden, first butterfly a Comma so not the one I was expecting, which confused my poor brain no end. Also first Bee fly which I have to admit I find more exciting presumably Dark-edged Bee-fly, Bombylius major. Both of them on Primula denticulata one of the best early flowers you can grow in your garden.

A trip to Stocks Reservoir resulted in a small number of Toads in amplexus and a larger number of males waiting, no spawn seen though the water was very cloudy from a pea soup green algae bloom. Garden also filling with soft toys! which the cat is starting to catch. Blue and Great tits are checking out the nest boxes but but don’t think we have any takers yet.

Bee fly
Bee fly
Comma Butterfly
Comma Butterfly
Toads at Stocks Reservoir
Toads at Stocks Reservoir

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Value

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Saw a Wren collecting moss with Wrens the male makes several nests and then tries to temp a female, and a pair of Kestrels looking round the outside of the barn possibly prospecting for nest sites. More flowers are now out in particular Dogs mercury plus the leaves of wild garlic are starting to show. Still no insects to speak of. Saw three baby bunnies in the garden today, as did the cat! The frog spawn has now transformed into a ball of wiggling tiny tadpoles. Saw the Gray wagtails again. Found a possible Blackbird egg in a friends garden it was broken and on the ground so could have hatched.

I often ponder things and my latest is, what is more valuable or more important to preserve a site with small populations of one or more rare species or a site with large populations of common many species? Which is more deserving of our resources. I know which I would find the most interesting as a naturalist but which has more value to wildlife as a whole and to the wider human community? I think these are important question that need to be asked far more frequently.

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Should we stop placing such high value on rare species?

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Attended an interesting talk by Martin Colledge on Gisburn Forest Past Present and Future organised by the Friends of Bowland. One of the things he highlighted was a meadow restoration project at the Gisburn Forest Hub. This meadow now has an abundance of common meadow species but he said apologetically no “rare species”. I think he said this because he believed there was a lot of  “hardened naturalists” in the audience. I think it is sad that there is, I am afraid to say, a well deserved perception that naturalists value rarity above all.  I have to say I strongly disagree with ascribing this high value to rarity,  if a species is rare it is by its very nature less ecologically significant than an abundant species (excluding apex predators). I believe this attitude damages wildlife conservation because it devalues the common, the wildlife most people encounter most of the time. I also think this attitude is a barrier to a lot of people becoming more deeply involved with natural history organisations.

We have a pair of Pied wagtails and at least one Gray wagtail about the place. Interestingly every year at this time we see Grey wagtails then they disappear,  later we always see fledglings about the place for a while where they go in between no idea. Plus the first Redpolls of the year. Not seen the Starling with the damaged wing for a few days hope it has been able to rejoin its companions.

A visit to the fishery cafe end of Stocks reservoir revealed large quantities of frog spawn in the pond and a few Toads near the pond, with one pair in amplexus but no spawn in the pond or the reservoir.

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March

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On the 9th a Gray wagtail singing at the back of the house. Yesterday loud chattering in the trees and when we went indoors about 30 Siskins descended on the feeders. Today we are back down to 6 or 7 Siskins so presume we have seen migration in action. Regularly hearing and seeing at least one pair of Curlew. More and more plants starting to bud and a few now in flower such as the lungwort Pulmonaria  we eagerly await the bursting into flower of the Primula denticulata as these provide excellent early nectar for any early flying insects coming out of hibernation or emerging from pupa. Had a meeting yesterday with some fellow members of the Clitheroe Naturalists about how we could promote the group and bring in new “younger” blood. One of the things discussed was having one or more “Wildlife Wanders”. My idea for these are a group of us meet at an interesting location and wander about looking at the wildlife. Hopefully there would be a mix of people who “know a bit” and people who would like to “learn a bit” about wildlife, a provisional date for one of these wanders is 27th May.

Some other dates for the diary; next week Th 16 Mar at 7.30pm a  Talk on Gisburn Forest, Past Present and Future by Martin Colledge at Tosside village hall  Organised by Friends of Bowland and save the date Sat 13 May, Join Sharon & Peter Flint to explore the trails in Gisburn Forest, visiting Bottoms Beck and some nearby marshy areas to examine aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Craven Conservation.

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Spring thick and fast

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In the last week so much is happening have had no time to record it. 26 Feb. the first lump of frogspawn in the pond followed by a new clump on each of the following two days. Then a break until this morning with one more clump.

Frog spawn
Frog spawn

Blue tits are exploring the nest boxes and possibly a Robin is building in one of the old kettles I have recycled as a nest box in the big tin shed. Now hearing Curlews and lots of bird song. Gamy wing the Starling has now learned to use both the peanut and fat snack feeders. Saw a queen wasp yesterday. We are getting more Siskins and Goldfinches now, plus still the occasional Brambling. Longtailed tits still visiting as groups but also as pairs. Been frantically sowing seed and splitting/transplanting perennials in the garden. At this time of year I dig up a lot of the Oxeyed daisy’s Leucanthemum vulgare and other wild flowers which have self seeded in the beds and plant them out in the meadow areas. I find this a very effective way of creating meadow areas.

A lot of people don’t realise that many native wild flower species make excellent garden border plants, I wish I had a pound for every time someone has said, I would grow wild flowers in my garden but my soil is too rich! This is a complete MYTH, wild flowers will thrive in garden borders and the richer the soil the better the show. Many will produce a better display than a lot of so called “garden plants”. The poor soil rule only applies to WILDFLOWER MEADOWS where you are growing a mix of flowers and grasses. In this situation the grasses would grow too strong and smother the flowers if the soil was rich.

Had another Sparrowhawk close encounter when one chased some Blue tits around the small Holly bush about three meters from where I was stood.

Frog and Toad survey, I am very interested in what is going on with Frogs and Toads in Bowland and am interested in any sightings of Frog or Toad spawn and in particular any sightings or evidence of Toads crossing roads in the Bowland area if you want you can use the online form on this site.

Also I would encourage everyone to report sightings to the PondNet Spawn Survey 2017 http://freshwaterhabitats.org.uk/projects/pondnet/spawnsurvey2017/ there are also some really good identification guides on that page.

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Is February the most annoying month?

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The weather is horrible I hate and love February one day there can be sunshine and warmth enough to make us feel Spring has arrived the next can plunge us back into an arctic winter. Gamy wing the starling is still with us and I now wonder if it might become a permanent fixture. I should mention we have two other disabled avian residents Gamy leg a male blackbird who has a healed broken leg, he has been with us for at least three years and the year before last raised at least two broods. The third not quite right resident is Hoppy a Pheasant with a dodgy leg.

There are a few signs of Spring the Dunnocks are chasing each other and flapping at each other. Pigeons are wing flapping, Wood peckers are drumming and the amount of song seams to increase daily.

Saw a large Hare cross the field opposite the kitchen window this morning whilst making coffee.

Found this very interesting Grey squirrels in North Yorkshire are being given contraceptives in their food in a bid to control their population http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leeds-38880095. I would love for there to be a Bowland Red squirrel reintroduction project.

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Sparrowhawk wins a meal and a surprise visitor

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Witnessed a Sparrowhawk take a Starling, I was outside changing the gas bottle when I heard a noise behind me, which sounded like a very muffled explosion. In the field behind me was a compact ball of Starlings the ball was much denser than the ball the form when moving around feeding and the sound was much louder. At first I only saw the Starlings and then a fraction of a second later I saw the Sparrowhawk swoop at the ball  from the right with its back to me looking like a fighter plane, part of the ball fragmented with a few Starlings peeling off from the group one in particular headed to the left as the main group headed to the right. The Sparrowhawk with a few twists and dives was immediately on the tail of this one Starling heading left. There was a few microseconds of move and counter move with eventually the Starling flying low over the ground where it was overtaken in mid flight and I lost sight of the Sparrowhawk  with its prize as it went into the trees.

Whilst taking Louise to work we spotted a white bird feeding with the sheep next to the track the bird turned out to be a Little Egret. It was very tame suggesting it was very hungry/exhausted unfortunately we only had the compact camera with us but got a photo from the car to prove it had existed, amazed at how yellow its feet are, which unfortunately are hidden in the grass. Sadly it was gone by the time I got back.

Little Egret
Little Egret

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Getting ready for Spring

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Decided to revamp the pond before any frogs turned up. Last year we had a single male take up residence and over about a week, five lots of spawn appeared. So dug out the waders baled out some of the water into water butts along with some of the pond weed and algae. Then waded in and started digging, managed to deepen the centre by about a foot, so  now it is about one meter deep in the centre when full. I was hoping to add a liner but the pond was filling so fast I gave up on the idea. Not too worried as last summer I only had to top it up a few times though the level did fluctuate dramatically.

Pond

Also hard pruned a section of the boundary hedge amazingly this has added about one and a half meters to the wet meadow area.  Important to get this done before any nesting activity starts. The bird ringers visited us on Sunday and over a hundred new birds were rung, mainly Coal tits as usual. The injured Starling is still with us the wing is noticeably still drooping but it seems to be flying OK. A Brambling turned up the day after  the Garden bird watch (typical). Now starting to see a few Siskins and Gold finches. Robins are pairing up, but occasionally make mistakes and attack their partner.

The wild primroses in the stream bed have put out a few flowers but in the garden the only things in flower are the Snowdrops and Dames violet which has never stopped flowering all winter.

Wild Primrose

Discovered today the rats or mice have been eating my chainsaw, my fault for using vegetable oil as chain lubricant.